The world’s most populous country and the second-largest economy, the People’s Republic of China since the launch of the Reform and Opening Period in 1978 has become one of the fastest-growing actors on the international stage. After becoming the world factory, a new industrial policy recently released - Made in China 2025 - aims at transforming the country from a manufacturing giant to a world manufacturing power, moving its production up the global value chain. Together with this national goal, the projects launched within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, the modern Silk Road connecting China to Europe through Central Asia and the wider Mediterranean Area, have boosted the development of infrastructures - such as railroads and ports - and of investments from Chinese state and private companies in all the economies along the Eurasian continent and the Euro-Mediterranean Region.